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A presentation of data on the financing of Soviet R&D from 1928 through the 1962 Plan, together with background information on the organization and growth of the research establishment. The Memorandum concentrates on expenditures since 1950, particularly on unidentified outlays from the budget allocation to research of national importance. Trends in the distribution of budget outlays on research of national significance suggest that the identified portion supports the Academy of Sciences and other nonindustrial research institutions, while the unidentified or "classified" portion consists mainly, if not entirely, of outlays on industrial research. If this interpretation is correct, research directly addressed to space and defense problems must be concentrated in "classified" outlays (along with some civilian industrial research of high priority).

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

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