Aug 8, 2018
California's Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act provides funds for counties to offer evidence-based programs for high-need juvenile probationers and at-risk youth. This report, based on the annual report to the state legislature, outlines the program's success for six outcome measures (completion of probation, restitution, and community service; arrests; probation violations; and incarcerations) and county-required supplemental outcomes.
California's Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act was designed to provide a stable funding source for juvenile programs that have proven effective in curbing crime among at-risk and young offenders. It provides funds to counties to add evidence-based programs and services for juvenile probationers identified with higher needs for special services than those identified for routine probationers, at-risk youth who have not entered the probation system but who live or attend school in areas of high crime or who have other factors that potentially predispose them to criminal activities, and youth in juvenile halls and camps. The California state legislature requires the Board of State and Community Corrections to submit annual reports measuring the program's success for six outcome measures: (1) successful completion of probation, (2) arrests, (3) probation violations, (4) incarcerations, (5) successful completion of restitution, and (6) successful completion of community service. Each county can also measure supplemental outcomes. For the six state-mandated outcomes, differences between program participants and comparison-group youth are mostly positive, though relatively small. County-developed supplemental outcomes, which measure performance of program participants at program entry and again at a later time, tend to be more favorable.
Background and Methodology
Current JJCPA Programs and FY 2013–2014 Outcome Measures
Estimated Juvenile Justice Costs for JJCPA Participants
Summary and Conclusions
Community Providers of JJCPA Program Services
Comparison Groups and Reference Periods for JJCPA Programs
Probation's Ranking of the Big Six Outcome Measures
Community-Based Organizations That Contracted to Provide Services for JJCPA Programs in FY 2013–2014
Board of State and Community Corrections–Mandated and Supplemental Outcomes for Individual JJCPA Programs, FY 2013–2014
Board of State and Community Corrections–Mandated Outcomes, by Gender
Board of State and Community Corrections–Mandated Outcomes, by Cluster
Probation's Form for Assessing Probationer Strengths and Risks
Probation's Form for Assessing Goal-Setting and Life Planning for At-Risk Youth