Ending the use of physical and emotional violence against children and adolescents in Peru

A case study on the advocacy efforts of INFANT and ONNAS

by Miriam Broeks, Pedro Sanjurjo, Emma Leenders

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Case Study Summary

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This case study analyses the advocacy efforts of two civil society organisations, INFANT and ONNAS, to introduce a law to end the use of physical and emotional violence against children and adolescents in Peru. It highlights the involvement of children and adolescents in the work of INFANT and ONNAS. Children's involvement in the advocacy campaigns helped raise the profile of the issue in the media and in society more widely. The case study examines factors that contributed to the success of their advocacy efforts. The campaign's focus on positive parenting strategies instead of punitive parenting approaches, and collaboration with politicians, journalists and artists, enabled their efforts. The case study also identifies barriers faced and the wider context in which their work took place. Finally, it considers the work that has been done by INFANT, ONNAS and other actors to support the effective implementation of the law.

Key Findings

Young protagonists with innovative ideas helped maximise the impact of the work of INFANT and ONNAS

  • Unique to the work of INFANT and ONNAS was the involvement of children and adolescents throughout the entire process: this became a movement led and implemented by children themselves, serving as a prime example of children’s leadership in changing matters that directly affect them. These child protagonists gave the campaign a unique appeal among politicians and the general public.

Having a clear goal, a flexible approach and forming key alliances facilitated the work of INFANT and ONNAS

  • The organisations had a clear goal and focused on empowering parents and the general public with alternative ways to nurture children and adolescents. They also adapted their strategy based on learning on the ground and were able to complement each other: INFANT provided experience, ONNAS provided creativity and legitimacy (i.e. children advocating for their own rights). Finally, they fostered key alliances with political actors and public figures and received financial and non-financial support from their allies.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    The collaborative and strategic work of INFANT with ONNAS

  • Chapter Three

    The wider context of INFANT's actions

  • Chapter Four

    The implementation of the new legislation

  • Chapter Five

    Looking ahead: Lessons learned

  • Annex A

    Scope and methodology

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was prepared for the Bernard van Leer Foundation and conducted by RAND Europe.

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