No Silver Bullet for Determining Safety of Automated Vehicles; Public Trust in AV Technology Rides on Multiple Assessments and Government Messaging
Oct 29, 2020
Establishing whether automated vehicles (AVs) are acceptably safe is not straightforward, and continual technology modification adds complication. RAND researchers analyzed three approaches to assessing safety—measurements, processes, and thresholds—and noted the different kinds of evidence associated with each. This report also describes the challenges and options related to communicating about AV safety, especially to the general public.
Approaches to Assessing Acceptable Safety for Automated Vehicles
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Establishing whether automated vehicles (AVs) are acceptably safe is not straightforward, and continual technology modification adds complication. RAND Corporation researchers analyzed three categories of approach—measurements, processes, and thresholds—and noted the different kinds of evidence associated with each, the ways in which different approaches can be used together, and the degree to which stakeholder groups agree on the merits of these approaches. This report complements discussion of measurement and analytical issues with a discussion of challenges in communicating about AV safety, especially to the general public. Its recommendations are aimed at both industry and government.
Safety as a Codified Concept for AVs
Safety as a Measurement
Safety as a Process
Safety as a Threshold
Communicating About Safety
Conclusions and Recommendations
American Life Panel Survey
This research was commissioned by the Uber Advanced Technologies Group and conducted in the Community Health and Environmental Policy Program within RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
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