Download

Download eBook for Free

Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 1.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Summary Only

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback176 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

In response to the concern that an increasing amount of high-technology manufacturing formerly performed in the United States is now being done overseas, with potentially harmful consequences to U.S. economic security, the Office of Science and Technology Policy asked the RAND Corporation to provide analytic support to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. The support included a description of past and current trends of U.S. high-tech manufacturing, particularly with regard to computer and semiconductor manufacturing; a theoretical and empirical economic analysis of traditional and high-tech manufacturing; and an analysis of U.S. research and development statistics and of trends in choices of academic disciplines, focusing particularly on the fields of science and engineering. The authors conclude that U.S. high-tech exports still lead the world by a large margin, and U.S. high-tech companies are expected to maintain leading market shares for some time. U.S. manufacturing activities that have remained in the United States tend to be the most advanced and complex, while more routine manufacturing tends to locate overseas for economic advantages. Declines in U.S. manufacturing employment can be directly attributed to increased manufacturing productivity, which brings into focus the key problem of employment issues that have resulted from strong productivity growth. The authors make broad recommendations for U.S. decisionmakers, focusing on leveling the playing field with regard to trade practices and granting of incentives and on strengthening the innovation infrastructure base.

The research described in this report was conducted by the Science and Technology Policy Institute (operated by RAND from 1992 to November 2003) for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.