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Are the Department of Defense manpower, resources, and personnel systems aligned to provide the personnel inventory needed to meet changing military readiness and operational requirements? This report documents a research effort exploring the premise that these systems are misaligned and thus lead to organizations being mismanned or undermanned. RAND’s tasks were to determine whether there was misalignment, assess how the systems synchronize if a misalignment occurs, and identify policies and programs to implement improvements. The research included an analysis of military personnel authorizations and inventory, as well as case studies of the Army’s conversion to the Stryker brigade and the post-9/11 stand-up of the U.S. Northern Command. The manpower, resources, and personnel systems were found to be generally functionally aligned and to be able to adapt and synchronize effectively following exceptional events. In addition, it was determined that overall interoperability could benefit from changes in the personnel system, including additional flexibility to reduce the cycle time needed to meet manpower authorizations.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    The Issues in Systems Terms

  • Chapter Three

    The Issues in Terms of Manpower, Resources, and Personnel

  • Chapter Four

    Data Analysis

  • Chapter Five

    Case Studies

  • Chapter Six

    Conclusions

The research described in this report was prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Department of the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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