Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.2 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

In order to better understand the process by which OSHA inspections may reduce injury rates, this study examines the types of workplace injuries and illnesses that decline after OSHA penalty inspections and after particular standards are cited. This study replicates an earlier study, but uses a different and more recent data set, inspections in Pennsylvania manufacturing firms from 1998 to 2005. The current study confirms the earlier findings that (a) OSHA inspections could affect injury types that were not directly related to its standards; and (b) among OSHA standards, personal protective equipment citations were most clearly linked to the prevention of injuries. These findings indicate that the organizational response to inspections has to be considered in assessing enforcement impacts. It also confirms that workers' use of personal protective equipment deserves a high priority from both private and public safety officials.

The research in this report was prepared for the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry and conducted by the RAND Center for Safety and Health in the Workplace.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation working paper series. RAND working papers are intended to share researchers' latest findings and to solicit informal peer review. They have been approved for circulation by RAND but may not have been formally edited or peer reviewed.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.