The DISMEVAL consortium examined approaches to chronic disease management and its evaluation in 13 countries across Europe. The project identified and validated evaluation methods that can be used in situations where randomisation is not possible.
As caring for chronic diseases is one of the greatest challenges facing health systems in the 21st century, there is a need to better understand what approaches work for whom and in what circumstances. The final reports of a collaborative research effort to identify and validate evaluation methods and performance measures for chronic disease management in Europe help to strengthen the evidence-base required to select efficient and effective interventions to address the growing burden of chronic disease.
Leaving the work force early has become commonplace in developed countries. Understanding the financial incentives and other factors that induce individuals to retire early, can help policymakers design effective reforms to help guarantee the financial stability of pension systems.
Vienna General Hospital sees the importance of the tackling the issue of ageing in terms of organisational strategy, organisational culture, personal development, organisation of work, and individual health of employees.
While age management at the Borealis Group has always made use of generous regulations for early retirement there has also been a movement to maintain older workers in the workplace by creating sustainable work processes and adapting work practices to take into account employees' needs.
This paper examines the role of the regulatory, funding and organisational context for the development and implementation of approaches to chronic care, using examples from Austria, Germany and the Netherlands.
The report aims to contribute to policy learning across countries through developing and validating a framework for assessing, improving and enhancing healthcare planning and so presenting a potential tool for analysts and decision makers.