• Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Understanding How to Scale and Accelerate the Adoption of Robotic and Autonomous Systems Into Deployable Capability: Phase 1—identifying Barriers

    No documented wide-scale deployments of fully robotic and functionally autonomous weapon systems exist despite every major military force having a declared interest in them. This paper explores the potential barriers to their widespread adoption.

    May 1, 2024

  • U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken (r.) meets with New Zealand Foreign Minister Winston Peters at the Department of State in Washington, D.C., April 11, 2024, photo by Chuck Kennedy/U.S. State Department


    New Zealand Becomes the Latest Country to Pivot to the U.S.

    Wellington's strategic pivot is good news for Washington and its allies. But the United States should temper its expectations: New Zealand is likely to continue to preserve productive relations with China while it emphasizes the importance of stronger security ties with the United States.

    Apr 26, 2024

  • U.S. Coast Guard boats patrol open seas in the Fifth Fleet area of operations, February 1, 2018, photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Kevin J. Steinberg/U.S. Navy


    Persistent Gray Zone Aggression in the South China Sea Calls for Increased Coordination in Rule of Law

    By not providing consistent leadership on priority issues, and by allowing China to assert hegemony, the United States is losing its strategic influence in the Indo-Pacific. Establishing a Combined Maritime Forces focused on law enforcement as a soft power approach would provide a cohesive structure, improved partnerships, and a clear way to push back against Chinese gray-zone tactics and overt aggression.

    Apr 16, 2024

  • China's Qinling Base in Antarctica, February 7, 2024 , <a href=


    What Are China's Long-Term Antarctic Ambitions?

    The recent opening of China's Qinling base, its third permanent Antarctic station, has worried some Australian and American observers. What are China's long-term ambitions? And how should Australia and its allies and partners respond?

    Apr 11, 2024

  • Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese speaks to the media after the release of the Defence Strategic Review in Canberra, Australia, April 24, 2023, photo by Lukas Coch/Reuters


    What Will Australia's Approach to Net Assessment Be?

    Australia's 2023 Defence Strategic Review is very clear: Australia must change the way it plans for and acquires defense capabilities. Doing so will require a net assessment to examine the various factors that may contribute to or detract from the country's military capabilities.

    Apr 11, 2024

  • U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken meets with Palau's President Surangel Whipps Jr., Micronesia's President David Panuelo and Marshall Islands' President David Kabua at the State Department in Washington, D.C., photo by Sarah Silbiger/Pool/Reuters


    Gridlock Has Put U.S. Strategic Advantages in the Pacific at Risk

    The United States is on the verge of an enormous geostrategic blunder in the Indo-Pacific region. Congress has yet to pass funding promised last year under pacts with the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau. Given the island nations' economic needs, further dithering by Washington could leave them little choice but to deepen engagement with China.

    Feb 22, 2024

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Opportunities and Challenges of AUKUS

    President Biden's approval of the 2024 National Defense Authorization Act will facilitate key aspects of the AUKUS technology cooperation partnership. The partnership will benefit each participant, but is not without its challenges.

    Feb 9, 2024

  • Colorful data science illustration behind the AUKUS logo, images by NicoElNino/Adobe Stock and Australian Department of Defence


    AUKUS Collaboration on Responsible Military AI

    Collaborating with allies and partners is important to the advancement of military artificial intelligence. What are the challenges that could inhibit or prevent the co-development of AI between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (AUKUS) as they face rising threats from China?

    Feb 6, 2024

  • Report


    Allied by Design: Defining a Path to Thoughtful Allied Space Power

    In this report, the authors evaluate the U.S. Department of Defense space enterprise and the interest, potential, and perspectives of six allies to recommend opportunities for a more effective approach to allied space power.

    Jan 30, 2024

  • Planet Earth with U.S. and allies' flags around it, design by Rick Penn-Kraus/RAND from photos by Getty Images

    Research Brief

    Charting a Path to Thoughtful Allied Space Power

    U.S. policy statements stress that close cooperation with allies is central to U.S. strategy, especially in space. But allies have grown increasingly vocal about a gap between what the United States says and what it does to make tangible progress toward allied space cooperation. How can that be improved?

    Jan 30, 2024

  • Report


    Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution in Comparative Organizations: Volume 2, Case Studies of Selected Allied and Partner Nations

    In this second volume of four reports examining nine case studies of defense budgeting processes across comparative organizations, RAND researchers conducted case studies of the budgeting processes of Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

    Jan 23, 2024

  • New Zealand's Prime Minister Chris Luxon at a bilateral meeting at the Commonwealth Parliamentary Offices in Sydney, Australia, December 20, 2023, photo by Mick Tsikas/Reuters


    New Zealand's New PM Isn't Going Back to Old Ways on China

    Much is still unknown about the details of the new New Zealand government's foreign and security policy approach, and much remains subject to change. The early indications, however, point to a New Zealand planning to deepen alignment with like-minded partners, not just to address China, but probably in regard to other challenges as well.

    Jan 17, 2024

  • Then–Prime Minister of Japan Yoshihide Suga attends a the Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM) at the Prime Minister's Office in Tokyo, Japan, July 2, 2021, photo by Masanori Genko/The Yomiuri Shimbun via Reuters Connect


    PALM10: Japan's Chance to Engage with Pacific Island Countries

    Next year, Japan will host the 10th triennial Pacific Island Leaders Meeting (PALM10), the “cornerstone” of Japan's diplomacy toward the Pacific Island countries. As China attempts to increase its influence in the region, Japan must marshal a strategic response that connects these states to its broader objectives in the Indo-Pacific.

    Dec 19, 2023

  • A Minnesota Air National Guard C-130 taxies for take off in the snow


    Insights from the Plan Blue 21 Game: Examining the Role of Sensing and Partner and Allied Contributions to Competition with Russia in the Arctic

    This report describes the 2021 U.S. Air Force–sponsored Plan Blue game, which examined competition against Russia in the Arctic with a focus on the role of sensing in competition and featured robust participation from regional partners and allies.

    Dec 14, 2023

  • Australian prime minister Anthony Albanese, U.S. president Joe Biden, Japanese prime minister Fumio Kishida, and Indian prime minister Narendra Modi at the Quad Leaders' Meeting in Tokyo, Japan, May 24, 2022, photo courtesy of the Official Website of the Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet


    America's Indo-Pacific Alliances Are Astonishingly Strong

    As 2023 draws to a close, U.S. alliances and partnerships in the Indo-Pacific are just about the deepest and most robust they have been in all their history. The United States will likely continue to bolster and expand its network to complicate and deter future actions that China and North Korea might take to threaten, undermine, or otherwise undo the Indo-Pacific order.

    Dec 8, 2023

  • Smart car (HUD) and Autonomous self-driving mode vehicle on metro city road with graphic sensor signal, photo by zapp2photo/Adobe Stock

    Journal Article

    A Comparative Look at Various Countries' Legal Regimes Governing Automated Vehicles

    This article summarizes the makeup of AV legal regimes of Australia, China, France, Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom, with a focus on law and policy relating to highly to fully automated vehicles.

    Nov 27, 2023

  • Abstract tech background made of printed circuit board, image by Quardia Inc./Adobe Stock.


    An Assessment of U.S.-Allied Nations' Industrial Bases in Quantum Technology

    The authors assess the quantum industrial bases of several U.S.-allied nations that are major players in the development of quantum technology, beginning with a global look and then focusing on Australia, the UK, Germany, and Japan.

    Nov 16, 2023

  • Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, U.S. President Joe Biden, and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak deliver remarks on the AUKUS partnership at Naval Base Point Loma in San Diego, California, March 13, 2023, photo by Leah Millis/Reuters


    AUKUS as Big Science?

    AUKUS—the trilateral security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—framed as a multinational quest for discovery rather than a security pact made sensible by deterrence logics, could be a political boon, both diplomatically and domestically.

    Oct 24, 2023

  • An aerial view of the storage tanks for treated water at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Okuma town, Fukushima prefecture, Japan, August 22, 2023, photo by Kyodo/Reuters


    Japan Risks Reputation in Oceania with Fukushima Discharge

    Japan's decision in August to begin discharging treated radioactive wastewater into the Pacific Ocean from its destroyed Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant is fairly unpopular in Oceania, potentially damaging Tokyo's reputation in this increasingly strategic region.

    Sep 28, 2023

  • Report


    The AIA Vitality Program in Australia: Assessing the association between engagement activities and changes in health outcomes

    RAND Europe conducted an observational study using longitudinal data on AIA Vitality members to explore the impacts of types of physical activity and wellbeing engagement on health outcomes.

    Sep 17, 2023

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