Workforce Diversity

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An increasing number of organizations—from private corporations to the U.S. military—want their workforces to reflect the evolving racial, ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, ideological, and generational makeup of society. RAND conducts empirical research on managing diversity to help leaders clearly define the diversity, develop rigorous metrics to support that definition, and design and apply comprehensive accountability systems with real rewards and consequences for individuals and groups.

Explore Workforce Diversity

  • Happy young woman in front of diverse women in line, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Supporting Working Parents Could Accelerate Recovery

    Since the COVID-19 recession started last February, almost 3 million women have left the labor force. With vaccines rolling out, will they go back to work? There are several policies that could help.

    Jan 15, 2021

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: January-February 2021

    The cover story on the ’Internet of Bodies’ highlights the perils of devices that track personal health data and provide medical treatment. Other columns explore vaccine hesitancy, the high price of insulin in the U.S., and social justice in America.

    Jan 6, 2021

  • Blog

    Americans' Financial Struggles, COVID-19 Vaccinations, Virtual Schools: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on Americans' ongoing financial struggles, how we can learn from the first phase of COVID-19 vaccinations, why virtual schools may be here to stay, and more.

    Dec 18, 2020

  • Woman works at home while her children play video games, photo by filadendron/Getty Images

    Commentary

    COVID-19 Gave Managers a Look at Our Home Lives. Will They Now Penalize Women?

    The pandemic gave managers a window into the struggles of working women. What will they do with this information? Will they accommodate women by making exceptions to their established norms? Or will they do the harder work of remaking their culture so women are no longer the exception?

    Dec 14, 2020

  • Blog

    Supporting Working Women, the Intelligence Community, Refugees: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on supporting America's working women, challenges facing the next Director of National Intelligence, how Syria's forever war is creating forever refugees, and more.

    Dec 4, 2020

  • Report

    Report

    Harassment and Discrimination on the Basis of Gender and Race/Ethnicity in the FEMA Workforce

    Researchers assessed the prevalence and characteristics of sexual harassment, gender discrimination, racial/ethnic harassment, and racial/ethnic discrimination at FEMA. This report documents the survey results.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • FEMA staff at a mobile center assist residents with registration and answer questions about disaster-assistance programs in the aftermath of Hurricane Sally, September 2020, photo by FEMA

    Research Brief

    Harassment and Discrimination in the FEMA Workplace

    A survey of FEMA personnel found that 29 percent of employees experienced a sex- or race/ethnicity–based civil rights violation in the past year. The survey results reveal areas in need of improvement and will help guide FEMA leadership decisions about programming and policy responses.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • News Release

    News Release

    Survey Estimates More Than 1 in 4 FEMA Workers Experienced Civil Rights Violations

    About 29% of employees at the Federal Emergency Management Agency experienced a sex- or race/ethnicity-based civil rights violation in the past year, according to research undertaken by the Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC), a federally funded research and development center operated by the RAND Corporation under contract with the Department of Homeland Security.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • Woman working from home with young son, photo by ArtMarie/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Women Are Leaving the Labor Force in Record Numbers

    The economic downturn during the pandemic is affecting women workers measurably harder than men. There were 2.2 million fewer women in the labor force in October 2020 than there were last October. Investing in childcare and expanding labor laws could keep women employed and buoy the entire economy.

    Nov 24, 2020

  • Array of portraits of a diverse group of doctors, photo by JohnnyGreig/Getty Images

    Commentary

    When It Comes to U.S. Health Systems—Diversity Matters

    Health care systems are a powerful and relatively well-resourced stakeholder in the effort to eliminate inequities both among the health workforce and among patient populations. The deliberate practice of increasing diversity within the workplace may have the power to create significant, positive impacts on workplace culture and patient care.

    Sep 25, 2020

  • Blog

    Radicalization, the Gender Pay Gap, Israel-UAE Deal: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on the potential for a new era of radicalization, insights into the gender pay gap, why the Israel-UAE deal doesn't merit the hype, and more.

    Aug 21, 2020

  • Cropped shot of a group of surgeons performing a medical procedure in an operating room, photo by PeopleImages/Getty Images

    Commentary

    The Link Between Workplace Diversity and the Gender Pay Gap

    Many factors explain the gender earnings gap, including workplace biases, differences in how credit is attributed, and differences in how men and women negotiate. But another factor could influence the pay women receive: the number of men in their workplace.

    Aug 15, 2020

  • Equal pay for men and women, image by pict rider/Adobe Stock

    Multimedia

    Using Binding Pay Transparency Measures to Encourage Equal Pay for Equal Work

    RAND Europe experts Joanna Hofman and Michaela Bruckmayer discuss their study on binding pay transparency measures as a tool for encouraging equal pay for equal work. They consider key concepts in the debate and potential challenges in implementing the measures across the EU.

    Aug 14, 2020

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: July-August 2020

    Feature stories explore what research says about learning loss after extended school breaks; how stress and trauma affect individual and community health; and how a critical care surge response tool is helping hospitals during the pandemic.

    Jul 13, 2020

  • A man holding male and female figures on a seesaw with a roll of 200 Euro bills in the middle, photo by Andrii Yalanskyi/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Equal Pay for Equal Work: How Binding Pay Transparency Measures May Help

    More than 60 years ago, the EU introduced the principle of equal pay for equal work for men and women. But a gender pay gap persists in most countries. In 2014, a European Commission Recommendation encouraged measures to aid pay transparency, but implementation has been limited.

    May 12, 2020

  • Women work on a production line at a mobile phone factory in Assuit, Egypt, September 30, 2018, photo by Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters

    Commentary

    Economic Recovery in Egypt Should Include Women

    Despite tremendous strides in educational attainment, women's engagement in the labor force in Egypt remains limited. Will Egypt's post-pandemic recovery further exacerbate structural barriers and inequities? Or could the current economic crisis be an opportunity to develop new opportunities to employ women and foster conditions for a more inclusive and diversified labor force?

    May 11, 2020

  • Blog

    A Proposed COVID-19 Cure, Economic Decline, North Korea: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on the unintended consequences of a proposed COVID-19 treatment, another wave of economic destruction, North Korea after Kim Jong Un, and more.

    May 1, 2020

  • Women at Azhar Park in Cairo, Egypt, October 2008, photo by Claudia Wiens/Alamy

    Report

    Women in Egypt Face Barriers to Employment

    Large gains in educational attainment among women in Egypt have not been matched with gains in the workplace. Obstacles preventing them from securing employment include tensions between work and family responsibilities, lack of mobility, wage gaps, and fear of sexual harassment.

    Apr 21, 2020