Work-Family Conflicts

  • Blog

    Protests and Police Reform, Facial Recognition, Gun Policies: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on protests and police reform after the killing of George Floyd, facial recognition bans, gun policies that likely reduce deaths, and more.

    Jun 19, 2020

  • Mother working at home while caring for a toddler, photo by kate_sept2004/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Working Moms Are at Risk of Being Left Behind

    Being a working parent was hard enough before the pandemic. If COVID-19 intensifies the perception that parenting is at odds with work, then there may be devastating career consequences for working mothers.

    Jun 11, 2020

  • Mother with teenage boy working from home, photo by martinedoucet/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Reopened Offices Won’t Mean Back-to-Normal for Caregivers

    As some workplaces start to reopen and work-from-home guidelines relax, corporate leaders may hope things will quickly get back to normal. But for employees who are also caregivers, that's likely not going to be the case.

    Jun 4, 2020

  • Naomi Hassebroek holds her son Felix while working with her husband Doug Hassebroek at their home, during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brooklyn, New York, March 19, 2020, photo by Caitlin Ochs/Reuters

    Commentary

    Can We Emerge from COVID-19 with a Healthier Work Culture?

    American families want greater choices in determining how their work and their families fit together. Post-pandemic, can we create a system that fits workers? If so, we have the opportunity to emerge from this crisis with both healthier employees and better performing organizations.

    Apr 16, 2020

  • Seattle City Councilmember Teresa Mosqueda checks in to a council meeting by phone due to the council's temporary work from home policy during the COVID-19 outbreak in Seattle, Washington, March 23, 2020, photo by Lindsey Wasson/Reuters

    Commentary

    Parenting Through the Pandemic: Who's Working, Who's Caring for the Kids, and What Policies Might Help

    To help inform policy decisions that could help working parents affected by COVID-19, we examined the U.S. Department of Labor's Current Population Survey and recent coronavirus relief acts. Our review shows us what aid working parents might expect and what kinds of aid policymakers might consider going forward.

    Apr 8, 2020

  • Report

    2017 U.S. Air Force Community Feedback Tool: Key Results Report for Air Force Headquarters

    This report presents results from a self-reported needs assessment of airmen, spouses of airmen, and Air Force civilian employees intended to help leadership and service providers better address the major challenges that community members are facing.

    Nov 14, 2019

  • An older factory worker in a factory, with a younger male worker in the background

    Research Brief

    Nearly Half of Retirees Would Return to Work

    Overall, older workers report having more meaningful work and more workplace flexibility than their younger peers. Nearly half of retirees say they would return to work under the right conditions—and a large number already have.

    Nov 12, 2019

  • Illustration of traditional and nontraditional families, photo by ONYXprj/Adobe Stock

    Journal Article

    Leave Policies and Practice for Non-Traditional Families

    This policy memo provides an overview of the extent to which non-traditional families are taken into account by Member States in developing family leave policies.

    Aug 16, 2019

  • Blog

    State of the Union, OxyContin, Appalachia: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on insights from RAND after the State of the Union, public-health impacts of reformulating OxyContin, STEM jobs in Appalachia, and more.

    Feb 8, 2019

  • Father working at home with baby

    Commentary

    Work vs. Family: How Some Countries Lead the Way in Flexible Working

    Many families in the European Union struggle to balance their professional and domestic responsibilities. Harmony between work and home could be an important way to help children and adults and promote a more prosperous society at large. More action could be taken to support work-life balance for working parents.

    Jan 31, 2019

  • Father with his baby daughter working from home

    Journal Article

    Family-Friendly Workplaces: Overview of Policies and Initiatives in Europe

    This policy memo provides an overview of policies and initiatives in EUcountries supporting family-friendly workplaces, allowing employeesflexibility in their working hours and location to help them balance theirprofessional and family lives.

    Oct 9, 2018

  • Three factory workers standing next to a message board in a factory

    Tool

    The American Working Conditions Survey Data: Codebook and Data Description

    This codebook describes the content and structure of the American Working Conditions Survey data (AWCS) which was fielded on the RAND American Life Panel (ALP) in 2015.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • A business woman working at a laptop in an office

    Research Brief

    How Do Americans Perceive the Workplace?

    For many Americans, the workplace is hectic, hazardous, and physically demanding. But many retirees would still consider rejoining the workforce if the right opportunity came along.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • People working at a stressful customer service call center

    Report

    U.S. Workplace Is Physically and Emotionally Taxing

    Americans face unpleasant and potentially hazardous working conditions, physical exertion, unstable schedules, and have to work during their free time. Despite these challenges, they have some autonomy, most feel confident about their skill set, and many receive social support on the job.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • News Release

    American Workplace Is Physically and Emotionally Taxing; Most Workers Receive Support from Boss and Friends at Work

    The American workplace is taxing, with workers facing unstable work schedules, unpleasant and hazardous working conditions, and an often hostile social environment. But American workers have a certain degree of autonomy on the job, feel confident about their skill set, and receive social support while on the job.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • A father feeding his newborn baby

    Commentary

    Why Europe's Work-Life Balance Proposal Could Be in Limbo for Years

    The work-life balance proposal has a chance of having an impact on the labor markets and welfare systems in Europe. However, given the variation in policies across member states and levels of political support among key stakeholders, the proposal may end up stuck in negotiations.

    May 30, 2017

  • YYoung father holding his baby

    Commentary

    How Can Europe Encourage Fathers to Take Parental Leave?

    Whether fathers take parental leave depends on economic factors, but flexibility of timing and workplace culture also seem to make a difference. The link between fathers taking parental leave and improvements in child development makes it an important area for European policymakers to consider.

    Oct 14, 2016

  • Mother holding her baby while working from home

    Commentary

    Is It Time to Extend Maternity Leave Across Europe?

    Any policy solution for extending maternity leave must strike a balance between protecting infant health through extended breastfeeding and mitigating any potentially negative impact on the mother's career progression or increased costs to business.

    Sep 13, 2016

  • Woman feeding baby while using laptop and talking on phone

    Commentary

    UK and Europe Are Behind the Times for Single Mothers and Their Children

    Single parents head 10.4 percent of households with children across Europe — 20.4 percent in the UK — and the socioeconomic gap between single- and two-parent households continues to grow. Accessible and flexible work policies are needed to improve employment conditions for single parents, especially mothers.

    Mar 11, 2015

  • London commuters

    Commentary

    Seven Chances to Meet Europe's Employment Targets

    The EU will fail to meet the Europe 2020 Strategy target of having 75 percent of people between the ages of 20 and 64 in work unless enough women are encouraged to enter, or remain in, the workforce. Here are seven factors the new EU Commissioners responsible for gender equality and employment must address.

    Oct 30, 2014