Comparing the Army's Suicide Rate to the General U.S. Population: Identifying Suitable Characteristics, Data Sources, and Analytic Approaches
Researchers investigate how accounting for demographic factors beyond age and gender (race/ethnicity, time, marital status, and educational attainment) affects suicide rate differences between soldiers and the general U.S. population.
Mar 10, 2020
Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups: A Tutorial on the TWANG Shiny App for Two Treatments
This tutorial describes how to use a menu-driven Shiny app based on the Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups (TWANG) R package. It can be used to estimate propensity score weights and treatment effects for binary treatments.
Dec 19, 2019
Detecting and Reducing Post-Traumatic Stress Among Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: A Multi-Agency Early Intervention Program
This study examined the Child Trauma Response Team and its efforts to reduce PTSD symptoms among children exposed to domestic violence.
Aug 20, 2019
This interim report presents preliminary evaluation findings for New York City's Connections to Care program, which seeks to expand access to mental health support for low-income New Yorkers via a task shifting model.
Nov 29, 2018
Behavioral Health of Gulf Coast Residents 6 Years After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Role of Trauma History
The study emphasizes the importance of measuring and considering not only the index event in disaster-related mental health work, but also other potentially traumatic exposures.
Oct 24, 2018
To assist Air Force efforts to prevent and respond to sexual assault, this report focuses on providing a better understanding of sexual assaults committed by airmen, including suspect characteristics and behaviors and risky situations and settings.
Apr 10, 2018
Connections to Care (C2C): The Perspectives of Leaders at Community-Based Organizations That Are Integrating Mental Health Supports
The RAND Corporation is evaluating the results of the Connections to Care mental health program in New York City; this brief research report presents preliminary findings from interviews with leadership at participating community-based organizations.
Dec 15, 2017
Strengthening Families Program, a prevention intervention for youth who are exposed to violence, can help ameliorate problem behaviors over time.
Oct 10, 2017
Expanding Suicide Crisis Services to Text and Chat: Responders' Perspectives of the Differences Between Communication Modalities
Internet chat and text messaging offer anonymity and increased access to suicide hotline callers, but they are not yet a replacement for telephone crisis support services.
Jun 6, 2017
Five Strategies for Successful Recruitment and Retention of Children and Families in Human Service Programs
This toolkit offers five strategies to increase client recruitment and retention for human services programs.
Apr 21, 2017
This research brief presents findings from evaluations of community-based interventions to reduce violence's harmful effects on children.
Mar 30, 2017
Researchers partnered with community-based sites to develop rigorous evaluations of interventions to reduce violence's harmful effects on children and analyze outcome data. This report presents findings and perspectives from this evaluation.
Mar 14, 2017
Men who are the primary caregivers of youth in the child welfare system tend to be more similar than different from their female counterparts.
Sep 21, 2016
Suicide Risk Among Women Veterans in Distress: Perspectives of Responders on the Veterans Crisis Line
Actions to help women veterans, and possibly curtail suicide among them, could include addressing military sexual trauma, adding questions about deliberate self-harm to suicide risk assessments, and reducing access to lethal suicide means.
Sep 19, 2016
How Military Families Respond Before, During and After Deployment: Findings from the RAND Deployment Life Study
This overview of the findings from the RAND Deployment Life Study describes the effects of deployment on marital relationships, family environment, psychological and behavioral health, child well-being, and military integration.
Apr 15, 2016
In 2009, RAND launched the Deployment Life Study to study military family readiness. This report presents analyses on marital relationships, family environment, psychological and behavioral health, child well-being, and military integration.
Apr 7, 2016
Army chaplains are more likely to refer soldiers at risk of suicide to behavioral health care, but the causes of their reluctance to refer need further investigation.
Mar 14, 2016
The Influence of Training, Reluctance, Efficacy, and Stigma on Suicide Intervention Behavior Among NCOs in the Army and Marine Corps
We used structural equation modeling on survey responses from 1184 Army soldiers and 796 marines to estimate the relationships between training, intervention efficacy, reluctance, and mental health stigma on NCO intervention behaviors.
Mar 2, 2016
In this study we investigated the longitudinal effects of primary caregiving fathers' mental health and substance use on child mental health, and examined possible differences by child age and gender.
Feb 29, 2016
This report assesses challenges for unit cohesion from integrating women into special operations forces and provides analytical support for validating occupational standards for positions controlled by U.S. Special Operations Command.
Dec 16, 2015
A systematic review was conducted to synthesize the empirical research on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and its psychological consequences.
Nov 6, 2015
This study estimates the net costs and benefits if the long-standing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians follows its current trajectory over the next ten years, relative to five other possible trajectories that the conflict could take.
Sep 8, 2015
Noncommissioned Officers' Perspectives on Identifying, Caring For, and Referring Soldiers and Marines at Risk of Suicide
Noncommissioned officers (NCOs) in the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps were surveyed to identify their ability and willingness to identify, intervene on behalf of, and refer fellow soldiers and marines at risk of suicide.
Jul 17, 2015
Improving Care for Co-Occurring Psychological Health and Substance Use Disorders: An Implementation Evaluation of the Co-Occurring Disorders Clinician Training Program
The report evaluates implementation of a clinician training program to improve care for Navy personnel with co-occurring disorders. Results suggest careful planning for training initiatives could increase implementation of evidence-based practice.
May 13, 2015
Care Transitions to and from the National Intrepid Center of Excellence (NICoE) for Service Members with Traumatic Brain Injury
The National Intrepid Center of Excellence (NICoE) provides specialized services for troops suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). RAND evaluated interactions between the NICoE and providers referring patients and implementing treatment plans.
May 7, 2015
Evaluating the Implementation of the Re-Engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment in the Military (RESPECT-Mil)
This report evaluates the implementation of the Re-Engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment in the Military (RESPECT-Mil) Program, which screens, assesses, and treats PTSD and depression among active duty service members in Army primary care.
Apr 23, 2015
Suicide Postvention in the Department of Defense: Evidence, Policies and Procedures, and Perspectives of Loss Survivors
The scientific evidence on suicide postvention, guidance for other organizations, and the perspectives of military suicide loss survivors provide potential insights for U.S. Department of Defense policies and programs to respond to suicides.
Apr 9, 2015
Gatekeeper Training for Suicide Prevention: A Theoretical Model and Review of the Empirical Literature
In the context of rising rates of suicide among U.S. military personnel, this report reviews the literature on gatekeeper models of suicide prevention to better understand what is known about the effectiveness of gatekeepers and gatekeeper training.
Mar 10, 2015
The goal of this study was to better understand the predictive relationship in both directions between negative (anger, sadness) and positive (happiness) moods and alcohol consumption using daily process data among heavy drinkers.
Sep 12, 2014
Examining the Sustainment of the Adolescent-Community Reinforcement Approach in Community Addiction Treatment Settings: Protocol for a Longitudinal Mixed Method Study
Gaining a better understanding of the factors that influence the evidence-based treatment sustainment may lead to more effective dissemination strategies and ultimately improve the quality of care being delivered in community-based addiction treatment settings.
Aug 1, 2014
The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (DP) in youth has been shown to be a predictor of psychopathology later in life. The authors examined the activity of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis in youth.
Jun 1, 2013