Obesity Prevention Interventions and Implications for Energy Balance in the United States and Mexico: A Systematic Review of the Evidence and Meta-Analysis
Obesity is preventable and yet continues to be a major risk factor for chronic disease. This review searched the vast literature on obesity prevention interventions to assess their effects on daily energy consumed and energy expended.
Aug 8, 2019
Results From a Natural Experiment: Initial Neighbourhood Investments Do Not Change Objectively-Assessed Physical Activity, Psychological Distress or Perceptions of the Neighbourhood
Although we observed changes over time in some outcomes that we tracked, ultimately there were no significant changes related to investments above and beyond what we might have expected without those investments.
Jun 10, 2019
Health, Well-Being, and Education in an Urban School District: Baltimore City Public Schools Prior to the Implementation of the 21st Century Buildings Program
This report presents findings on the relationship between student and school staff health and well-being, school climate, and student education outcomes prior to Baltimore City Public Schools undertaking school building renovations.
May 23, 2018
Community improvements -- primarily a new supermarket and new housing -- were associated with health and economic gains among the residents of an underserved, primarily African-American neighborhood in Pittsburgh.
May 1, 2018
The Power of Social Networks and Social Support in Promotion of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index Among African American Adults
African Americans are still disproportionately affected by lower levels of physical activity and higher levels of obesity; social networks and social support are critical for engaging this community in physical activity.
Apr 17, 2018
Neighborhood Disadvantage Is Associated With Actigraphy-Assessed Sleep Continuity and Short Sleep Duration
This study is among the first to examine objective and perceived assessments of neighborhood conditions in relation to objectively measured sleep in a high-risk sample of predominantly low-income, African American residents.
PTSD Symptoms Are Differentially Associated with General Distress and Physiological Arousal: Implications for the Conceptualization and Measurement of PTSD
Relations between PTSD symptom clusters and PTSD symptoms were examined with respect to general distress and physiological arousal.
Pathways Through Which Higher Neighborhood Crime Is Longitudinally Associated with Greater Body Mass Index
Among African-Americans in urban, low-income neighborhoods, lack of perceived safety because of high crime rates is associated with higher body mass index (BMI).
Dec 15, 2017
Improved Parental Dietary Quality Is Associated with Children's Dietary Intake Through the Home Environment
Among families living in a former food desert, nutrition and physical activity norms of the home environment had a larger effect on childrens' dietary intake than the types of food available at home.
May 16, 2017
Several established BMI genetic variants are positively associated with change in BMI during the period of adolescence and young adulthood.
Mar 14, 2017
One Size Doesn't Fit All: Cross-Sectional Associations Between Neighborhood Walkability, Crime and Physical Activity Depends on Age and Sex of Residents
“Walkability” appears to increase physical activity in low-income, urban neighborhoods, most notably for women under 65.
Mar 14, 2017
Can the Introduction of a Full-Service Supermarket in a Food Desert Improve Residents' Economic Status and Health?
Locating a new supermarket in a low-income neighborhood may improve residents' economic well-being and health. Policymakers should consider broad impacts of neighborhood investment that could translate into improved health for residents of underserved neighborhoods.
The Interaction Between Physical Activity and Obesity Gene Variants in Association with BMI: Does the Obesogenic Environment Matter?
This study of a diverse sample of American adolescents found that neighborhood environmental factors did not appear to influence genetic obesity risk.
Nov 15, 2016
Evidence for Association Between SH2B1 Gene Variants and Glycated Hemoglobin in Nondiabetic European American Young Adults: The Add Health Study
In young adults with European heritage, a blood marker used to classify type 2 diabetes, HbA1c, was found to be significantly associated with two variants of a genetic region involved in metabolic control, SH2B1.
Sep 29, 2016
This study examines stress, eating behaviors, and obesity among low-income women.
Dec 28, 2015
Interaction of Smoking and Obesity Susceptibility Loci on Adolescent BMI: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health
This study investigates the interaction of current smoking and established BMI SNPs on adolescent BMI.
Multiple Pathways from the Neighborhood Food Environment to Increased Body Mass Index Through Dietary Behaviors: A Structural Equation-Based Analysis in the CARDIA Study
Efforts to decrease the numbers of neighborhood fast food restaurants and to increase the numbers of sit-down restaurant options could influence diet behaviors.
The Association Between Care Experiences and Parent Ratings of Care for Different Racial, Ethnic, and Language Groups in a Medicaid Population
Communication-based interventions may improve experiences and ratings of care for all subgroups, although implementation of these interventions may need to consider preferences associated with race, ethnicity, and language.
Feb 23, 2011
Reducing Inappropriate Antibiotics Prescribing: The Role of Online Commentary on Physical Examination Findings
With viral illnesses, problematic online comments are associated with more pediatrician-parent conflict over non-antibiotic treatment recommendations. This may increase inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.
Examine the simultaneous associations of parent and coder assessments of communication events with parent satisfaction.