Joshua Snoke

Pittsburgh Office


Ph.D. in statistics, Pennsylvania State University; B.S. in mathematics, economics, Wheaton College


Joshua Snoke is a statistician at RAND. He researches statistical data privacy and confidentiality, algorithmic fairness, and workforce development.

He has expertise broadly in privacy and has published technical papers and policy reports on topics such as synthetic datasets, model estimation across multiple databases, and differentially private algorithms. His main focus concerns evaluating practical applications of privacy implementations to identify technologies which increase access to data while maintaining privacy and confidentiality.

Outside of privacy, he works on algorithmic fairness and is currently working on applying these ideas to applications in the Department of Defense (DoD) and healthcare. He also works on evaluating programs and institutions for workforce development. He focuses on DoD and DHS manpower and personnel questions, such as evaluating recruitment and promotion strategies, evaluating predictors of success in enlisted personnel, and evaluating barriers to diversity in the workforce.

His work, both privacy related and otherwise, has involved a variety of administrative and survey data, such as from the U.S. Census Bureau, the Internal Revenue Service, the UK Administrative Data Research Network, the U.S. Army Recruiting Command, and the American Educator Panels. His broader methodological interests include estimation, model selection, non-parametric modeling and classification, machine learning, and causal inference.

He received his Ph.D. in statistics with a graduate minor in social data analytics from the Pennsylvania State University. He received his B.S. in mathematics and economics from Wheaton College.

Recent Projects

  • Building a Validation Server for Administrative Tax Data
  • Developing a Toolkit for Detecting and Correcting for Biases in Healthcare Algorithms
  • Equity Awareness in Data Privacy
  • Machine Learning Tools for Human Resource Management
  • Analysis of Barriers to Employment in FEMA

Selected Publications

Cabreros, I., J. Snoke, O. Osonde, I. Khan, and M. N. Elliott, "Advancing Equitable Decision-Making for the Department of Defense Through Fairness in Machine Learning", RAND Corporation, 2022 (forthcoming)

Bowen, C. M. and J. Snoke, "Comparative Study of Differentially Private Synthetic Data Algorithms from the NIST PSCR Differential Privacy Synthetic Data Challenge," Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality, 11(1), 2021

Matthews, M., A. R. Morral, T. L. Schell, M. Cefalu, J. Snoke, and R. J. Briggs, "Organizational Characteristics Associated with Risk of Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Army", RAND Corporation, 2021

Snoke, J. and C. M. Bowen, "How Statisticians Should Grapple with Privacy in a Changing Data Landscape," CHANCE, 33(4), 2020

Snoke, J., G. M. Raab, B. Nowok, C. Dibben, and A. Slavković, "General and specific utility measures for synthetic data.," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 181(3), 2018

Snoke, Joshua, T. R. Brick, A. Slavković, and M. D. Hunter, "Providing accurate models across private partitioned data: Secure maximum likelihood estimation.," The Annals of Applied Statistics, 12(2), 2018

Snoke, J. and A. Slavković, "pMSE Mechanism: Differentially Private Synthetic Data with Maximal Distributional Similarity.," Privacy in Statistical Databases, 2018

Robson, S. M., M. C. Lytell, M. Walsh, K. C. Hall, K. M. Keller, V. Kilambi, J. Snoke, J. Welburn, P. Roberts, O. Hall, "U.S. Air Force Enlisted Classification and Reclassification: Potential Improvements using Machine Learning and Optimization Models", RAND Corporation, 2022

Honors & Awards

  • U.S. Census Bureau Dissertation Fellowship
  • National Science Foundation Big Data Social Science Graduate Traineeship