Anthony Vassalo is a senior international/defense policy researcher, and the Intelligence Community portfolio lead for the RAND National Security Research Division. His research areas include international security, U.S. national security strategy, risk, deterrence, counterterrorism, and the intelligence community. Prior to coming to RAND, Vassalo served as the Associate Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Mission Integration, responsible for the National Intelligence Council (NIC), the President's Daily Brief Staff (PDB), the regional and functional National Intelligence Managers, and a number of other prioritization, collection, and assessment activities. He was the ODNI Senior Fellow at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) from 2013-2014. From 2008 to 2013, Vassalo served at the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), where he was responsible for leading strategic counterterrorism planning activities at the direction of the NSC Staff. In 2010, Vassalo was promoted to the Senior National Intelligence Service. Prior to entering the intelligence community, Vassalo was a career Army officer, serving in numerous command and staff positions. A 1988 graduate of the United States Military Academy, Vassalo holds graduate degrees from Duke and Harvard Universities, served as an assistant professor in the Department of History at West Point, and is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University.