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Disputes over the regional order in post-Soviet Europe and Eurasia are at the core of the breakdown in relations between Russia and the West and have created major security and economic challenges for the states caught in between: first and foremost Ukraine, but also Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Current policy approaches toward the regional order — i.e., the set of rules, norms, and institutions that govern the region — have exacerbated today's disorder and instability.

The authors of this volume offer a comprehensive proposal for revising the regional order. The proposal, which addresses the security architecture, economic integration, and regional conflicts, was devised by three groups of experts convened by the RAND Corporation and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung's Regional Office for Cooperation and Peace in Europe. Each group included representatives from the West, Russia, and the states in between them.

The approach proposed by the authors would boost regional security, facilitate increased prosperity, and better manage the long-standing conflicts in the region while increasing the chances of settling them. The revised order would thus limit the major-power confrontation in the region, stabilizing the overall competition between Russia and the West. Most importantly, the proposal would not cross any state's declared red lines, and thus might plausibly be acceptable to all of them. This vision for an alternative future would represent a significant improvement over the status quo.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


    Samuel Charap

  • Chapter Two

    Regional Security Architecture

    Jeremy Shapiro, James Dobbins, Yauheni Preiherman, Pernille Rieker, Andrei Zagorski

  • Chapter Three

    Economic Integration

    Alexandra Dienes, Sergey Afontsev, Péter Balás, Rodica Crudu, Diana Galoyan

  • Chapter Four

    Regional Conflicts

    Samuel Charap, Vasyl Filipchuk, Ulrich Kühn, Andrei Popov, Nikolai Silaev, Olesya Vartanyan

  • Chapter Five

    Summary: A Consensus Proposal for a Revised Regional Order

    Samuel Charap

  • Appendix

    Current Pain-Reduction Measures in the Region

    Olesya Vartanyan, Andrei Popov, Nikolai Silaev

The project described in this report was supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and conducted by the International Security and Defense Policy Center (ISDP) within the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD).

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Conference proceeding series. RAND conference proceedings present a collection of papers delivered at a conference or a summary of the conference.

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