Cover: Proceedings of the U.S.-Japan Socioeconomic Policy Research Exchange

Proceedings of the U.S.-Japan Socioeconomic Policy Research Exchange

Harnessing Quantum Technology for the Benefit of Society — How the United States and Japan Are Moving Quantum Science Research from the Lab to Everyday Life

Published Jun 28, 2024

by Jeffrey W. Hornung, Edward Parker, Jay M. Gambetta, Paul Nation

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The development of quantum science and technology has been one of the most dynamic technological advances in recent years. Although quantum technology is a relatively new field of science, it holds the promise to affect every aspect of life. Quantum technology has been studied for many years, but the quantum future is just beginning to dawn. There are many questions about what that future will look like and the types of challenges to expect. On which civilian applications are U.S. and Japanese researchers focused, and how do their emphases overlap or diverge? How are the private sectors in the United States and Japan advancing quantum science? What lessons might these countries' governments, universities, and private-sector companies learn from one another's development experiences?

To answer these questions, RAND personnel organized a hybrid conference in January 2024 to explore issues of relevance to quantum technology in the United States and Japan. These conference proceedings summarize the speakers' remarks and include commentary from the keynote speaker, Jay M. Gambetta, an IBM fellow and the vice president of quantum computing at IBM, and his colleague, Paul Nation, a principal research scientist of quantum computing at IBM.

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The conference was sponsored by the Government of Japan and conducted in the Community Health and Environmental Policy Program within RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.

This report is part of the RAND conference proceeding series. RAND conference proceedings present a collection of papers delivered at a conference or a summary of the conference.

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