Gay male physicians were surveyed in 1984 and 1985 about their knowledge and attitudes regarding HIV transmission and AIDS and changes they had made in social, health-related, and sexual activities since the onset of the AIDS epidemic. Most of the 37 subjects who participated in both surveys progressively lessened their participation in HIV transmission risk behaviors over time. Health belief, AIDS knowledge, health coping, social support, mood state, and age factors all contributed to changes in sexual behavior. The modeling of sexual-behavior changes showed general stability over time. This study provides further evidence that multiple psychosocial factors are associated with changes in sexual behavior, even in gay male physicians.
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