Cover: Prevalence of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Community Violence

Prevalence of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Community Violence

Published in: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, v. 6, no. 4, Dec. 2003, p. 247-264

Posted on 2003

by Bradley D. Stein, Lisa H. Jaycox, Sheryl H. Kataoka, Hilary J. Rhodes, Katherine D. Vestal

Emerging as one of the most significant health issues facing American youth today, child and adolescent exposure to community violence has generated much interest across multiple disciplines. Most research to date has focused on documenting the prevalence of community violence and the emotional and behavioral ramifications. This paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding prevalence of youth exposure to community violence, and identifies those areas where further research is warranted. In addition to examining overall rates of community violence exposure, this paper reviews the prevalence of different types of community violence, such as weapon use, physical aggression, and crime-related events. Predictors of community violence exposure, including gender, age, race, socioeconomic status, behavior patterns, and geography, are discussed.

This report is part of the RAND external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.