Testing for Accountability in K-12

Published in: Educational Measurement, 4th ed. / edited by R. L. Brennan, (Westport, Conn.: American Council on Education/Praeger, 2006), Chapter 15, p. 531-578

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2006

by Daniel Koretz, Laura S. Hamilton

This chapter provides a brief history of large-scale K-12 achievement testing in the United States, focusing primarily on trends in the uses of tests over the past several decades. It provides a framework for evaluating the validity of inferences about performance under high-stakes conditions, links this to educators' responses to testing, and suggests new directions for evaluating validity under high-stakes conditions.

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