Cover: Survivorship Beyond Convalescence

Survivorship Beyond Convalescence

48-Month Quality-of-Life Outcomes After Treatment for Localized Prostate Cancer

Published In: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, v. 101, no. 12, June 16, 2009, p. 888-892

Posted on Jun 16, 2009

by John L. Gore, Lorna Kwan, Steven P. Lee, Robert C. Reiter, Mark Litwin

Decision making for treatment of localized prostate cancer is often guided by therapeutic side-effect profiles. The authors sought to assess health-related quality-of-life outcomes for patients 48 months after treatment for localized prostate cancer. Men treated for localized prostate cancer (N = 475) were evaluated before treatment and at 11 intervals during the 48 months after intervention. Changes in mean health-related quality-of-life scores and the probability of regaining baseline levels of health-related quality of life were compared between treatment groups. All statistical tests were two-sided. Urinary incontinence was more common after prostatectomy (n = 307) than after brachytherapy (n = 90) or external beam radiation therapy (n = 78) (both P < .001), whereas voiding and storage urinary symptoms were more prevalent after brachytherapy than after prostatectomy (both P < .001). Sexual dysfunction profoundly affected all three treatment groups, with a lower likelihood of regaining baseline function after prostatectomy than after external beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy (P < .001). Bowel dysfunction was more common after either form of radiation therapy than after prostatectomy. These results may guide decision making for treatment selection and clinical management of patients with health-related quality-of-life impairments after treatment for localized prostate cancer.

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