A Model for Teacher Effects from Longitudinal Data Without Assuming Vertical Scaling
Published in: Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, v. 35, June 2010, p. 253-279
Posted on RAND.org on January 05, 2011
There is an increasing interest in using longitudinal measures of student achievement to estimate individual teacher effects. Current multivariate models assume each teacher has a single effect on student outcomes that persists undiminished to all future test administrations (complete persistence [CP]) or can diminish with time but remains perfectly correlated (variable persistence [VP]). However, when state assessments do not use a vertical scale or the evolution of the mix of topics present across a sequence of vertically aligned assessments changes as students advance in school, these assumptions of persistence may not be consistent with the achievement data. We develop the "generalized persistence" (GP) model, a Bayesian multivariate model for estimating teacher effects that accommodates longitudinal data that are not vertically scaled by allowing less than perfect correlation of a teacher's effects across test administrations. We illustrate the model using mathematics assessment data.