Using a Grocery List Is Associated with a Healthier Diet and Lower BMI Among Very High-Risk Adults

Published in: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v. 47, no. 3, May-June 2015, p. 259-264

Posted on RAND.org on May 12, 2015

by Tamara Dubowitz, Deborah A. Cohen, Christina Y. Huang, Robin L. Beckman, Rebecca L. Collins

Read More

Access further information on this document at Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

OBJECTIVE: Examine whether use of a grocery list is associated with healthier diet and weight among food desert residents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of in-person interview data from randomly selected household food shoppers in 2 low-income, primarily African American urban neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA with limited access to healthy foods. RESULTS: Multivariate ordinary least-square regressions conducted among 1,372 participants and controlling for sociodemographic factors and other potential confounding variables indicated that although most of the sample (78%) was overweight or obese, consistently using a list was associated with lower body mass index (based on measured height and weight) (adjusted multivariant coefficient = 0.095) and higher dietary quality (based on the Healthy Eating Index–2005) (adjusted multivariant coefficient = 0.103) (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Shopping with a list may be a useful tool for low-income individuals to improve diet or decrease body mass index.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.