Validation of New Quality Measures for Transitions Between Sites of Care

Published in:Pediatrics, Volume 139, Issue 5 (May 2017), e20164178.doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-4178

Posted on RAND.org on May 25, 2017

by Layla Parast, Q. Burkhart, Arti D. Desai, Tamara D. Simon, Carolyn Allshouse, Maria T. Britto, JoAnna K. Leyenaar, Courtney A. Gidengil, Sara L. Toomey, Marc N. Elliott, et al.

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Background and Objective

Assessing and improving the quality of transitions to home from the emergency department (ED) or hospital is critical for patient safety. Our objective was to validate 8 newly developed caregiver-reported measures of transition quality.

Methods

This prospective observational study included 1086 caregiver survey respondents whose children had an ED visit (n = 523) or hospitalization (n = 563) at Seattle Children's Hospital in 2014. Caregivers were contacted to complete 2 surveys. The first survey included the newly developed transition quality measures and multiple validation measures including modified versions of Child Hospital Consumer Assessments of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) composites, assessing communication and discharge planning. The second survey (administered 30 days later) included questions about follow-up appointments and ED return visits and readmissions. Using multivariate regression, we examined associations between the newly developed transition quality measures and each validation measure.

Results

All transition quality measures were significantly associated with ≥1 validation measures. The hospital-to-home transition measure assessing whether discharge instructions were easy to understand, were useful, and contained necessary follow-up information had the largest association with the Child HCAHPS nurse-parent and doctor-parent communication composites (β = 55.6; 95% confidence interval, 43 to 68.3; and β = 48.3; 95% confidence interval, 36.3 to 60.3, respectively, scaled to reflect change associated with a 0 to 100 change in the transition measure score).

Conclusions

Newly developed quality measures for pediatric ED- and hospital-to-home transitions were significantly and positively associated with previously validated measures of caregiver experience. These new measures may be useful for assessing and improving on the quality of ED- and hospital-to-home transitions.

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