Cover: Predictors of Treatment Initiation for Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Care

Predictors of Treatment Initiation for Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Care

Published in: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 191 (1 October 2018), pages 56-62. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.06.021

Posted on Mar 7, 2019

by Katherine E. Watkins, Colleen M. McCullough, Claude Messan Setodji, Karen Lamp, Mimi Lind, Sarah B. Hunter, Karen Chan Osilla


We identified predictors of receiving treatment (brief therapy [BT] and/or extended-release injectable naltrexone [XR-NTX]) for the treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in primary care. We also examined the relationship between receiving BT and XR-NTX.


Secondary data analysis of SUMMIT, a randomized controlled trial of collaborative care. Participants were 290 individuals with AUDs who reported no past 30-day opioid use and who were receiving primary care at a multi-site Federally Qualified Health Center. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined predictors of BT and/or XR-NTX.


Thirty-two percent (N = 93) received either BT or XR-NTX, 28% (N = 82) received BT and 13% (N = 37) received XR-NTX; 9% (N = 26) received both BT and XR-NTX. Older age, white race, talking with a professional about alcohol use and having more negative consequences all predicted receipt of evidence-based treatment; being homeless was a negative predictor. The predictors of receiving BT included not being homeless and previously talking with a professional; the predictors of receiving XR-NTX included older age, white race and experiencing more negative consequences. In 80% of those who received both BT and XR-NTX, receipt of BT preceded XR-NTX.


Patient factors were important predictors of receiving primary-care based AUD treatment and differed by type of treatment received. Receiving BT was associated with subsequent use of XR-NTX and may be associated with a longer duration of XR-NTX treatment. Providers should consider these findings when considering ways to increase primary-care based AUD treatment.

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