The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Policy Response on Health Care Utilization

Evidence from County-Level Medical Claims and Cellphone Data

Published in: Journal of Health Economics (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2022.102581

Posted on on March 31, 2022

by Jonathan H. Cantor, Neeraj Sood, Dena M. Bravata, Megan F. Pera, Christopher M. Whaley

Shelter-in-place policies during the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with reductions in the use of preventive care, elective care, and the number of weekly visits to physician offices, hospitals and other health care-related industries. The results imply that while social distancing policies do lead to reductions in health care utilization, much of these reductions would have occurred even in the absence of these policies.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.