Veteran Educators or For-Profiteers?

Tuition Responses to Changes in the Post-9/11 GI Bill

Published in: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (2022). doi: 10.1002/pam.22408

Posted on on August 11, 2022

by Matthew D. Baird, Michael S. Kofoed, Trey Miller, Jennie W. Wenger

Read More

Access further information on this document at Wiley Online Library

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

In 2010, Congress reauthorized the Post-9/11 GI Bill by changing reimbursement rates from by-state maximums to a nationwide limit. This policy created exogenous variation in financial aid for veterans at private universities. We detect changes in tuition only for for-profit colleges, where we estimate a 1 percent pass-through rate. This response is mainly from states with decreased benefits; colleges with more veterans, and colleges whose pre-change tuition was above the state maximum but below the new nationwide level had a pass-through rate of 8 percent. We also find a negative association between changes in benefits and overall student enrollment for for-profit colleges.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.