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The Defense Department, seeking methods to hold the line on environmental costs, can look to corporations in the private sector for novel approaches to environmental management. Corporations have learned that, if environmental issues are considered in the design stage, the payoffs over the life of the product or system can be large. The authors of this report concentrate on two corporations — Volvo and Hewlett-Packard — to identify the key factors that led to successful implementation of a design-for-environment program. The report shows, by drawing on the experience of Volvo, Hewlett-Packard, and other industry leaders, how DoD can incorporate pollution prevention into design activities of weapon systems without any loss of capability and with a potential for enormous savings.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Environmental Issues in Weapon Systems Acquisition

  • Chapter Three

    What Is Design-for-Environment?

  • Chapter Four

    No Silver Bullets: Elements of a Comprehensive Process

  • Chapter Five

    Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Appendix A

    Volvo Case Study: Driving Toward Green

  • Appendix B

    Hewlett-Packard Case Study: Product Stewardship: Green Computes

The research described in this report was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in RAND's National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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