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At the rate that government and nongovernmental organizations are clearing landmines, it will take 450–500 years to rid the world of them — and that's just if no more are placed. Concerned about the slow pace of demining, the Office of Science and Technology asked RAND to assess potential innovative technologies being explored and to project what type of funding would be required to foster the development of the more promising ones. As all landmine detection methods have strengths and weaknesses in different environments, the authors suggest that the federal government undertake a research and development effort to develop a multisensor mine detection system over the next five to eight years. The system would be based on the algorithmic fusion of data of many sensors, and research generated from this integration could eventually be applied to other sciences as well. Using multiple technologies to locate landmines would result in fewer casualties worldwide and may help restore stability to postconflict regions. In addition to the main report, this book includes 23 papers, written by leading specialists, that individually probe the latest technologies in landmine detection.

Table of Contents

  • Summary

  • Preface

    All Prefatory Materials

  • Chapter 1

    Introduction

  • Chapter 2

    Innovative Mine Detection Systems

  • Chapter 3

    Multisensor System to Improve Mine Detection Capability

  • Supplemental

    Supplementary Material

  • Appendix A

    Electromagnetic Induction (Paper I)

    Yoga Das

  • Appendix B

    Electromatic Induction (Paper II)

    Lloyd S. Riggs

  • Appendix C

    Infrared/Hyperspectral Methods (Paper I)

    Brian Baertlein

  • Appendix D

    Infrared/Hyperspectral Methods (Paper II)

    John G. Ackenhusen

  • Appendix E

    Ground-Penetrating Radar (Paper I)

    Lawrence Carin

  • Appendix F

    Ground-Penetrating Radar (Paper II)

    James Ralston, Anne Andrews, Frank Rotondo, and Michael Tuley

  • Appendix G

    Acoustic/Seismic Methods (Paper I)

    James Sabatier

  • Appendix H

    Acoustic/Seismic Methods (Paper II)

    Dimitri M. Donskoy

  • Appendix I

    Electrical Impedance Tomography

    Philip Church

  • Appendix J

    Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Paper I)

    Andrew D. Hibbs

  • Appendix K

    Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Paper II)

    Allen N. Garroway

  • Appendix L

    X-Ray Backscatter (Paper I)

    Lee Grodzins

  • Appendix M

    X-Ray Backscatter (Paper II)

    Alan Jacobs and Edward Dugan

  • Appendix N

    Neutron Technologies (Paper I)

    John E. McFee

  • Appendix O

    Neutron Technologies (Paper II)

    David A. Sparrow

  • Appendix P

    Electrochemical Methods (Paper I)

    Timothy M. Swager

  • Appendix Q

    Electrochemical Methods (Paper II)

    Thomas F. Jenkins, Alan D. Hewitt, and Thomas A. Ranney

  • Appendix R

    Biological Systems (Paper I)

    Robert S. Burlage

  • Appendix S

    Biological Systems (Paper II)

    Jerry J. Bromenshenk, Colin B. Henderson, and Garon C. Smith

  • Appendix T

    Canine-Assisted Detection

    Havard Bach and James Phelan

  • Appendix U

    Signal-Processing and Sensor Fusion Methods (Paper I)

    Leslie Collins

  • Appendix V

    Signal-Processing and Sensor Fusion Methods (Paper II)

    Paul Gader

  • Appendix W

    Contact Methods

    Kevin Russell

The research described in this report was conducted by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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