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At the rate that government and nongovernmental organizations are clearing landmines, it will take 450-500 years to rid the world of them — and that's just if no more are placed. Concerned about the slow pace of demining, the Office of Science and Technology asked RAND to assess potential innovative technologies being explored and to project what type of funding would be required to foster the development of the more promising ones. As all landmine detection methods have strengths and weaknesses in different environments, the authors suggest that the federal government undertake a research and development effort to develop a multisensor mine detection system over the next five to eight years. The system would be based on the algorithmic fusion of data of many sensors, and research generated from this integration could eventually be applied to other sciences as well. Using multiple technologies to locate landmines would result in fewer casualties worldwide and may help restore stability to postconflict regions. In addition to the main report, this book includes 23 papers, written by leading specialists, that individually probe the latest technologies in landmine detection.

Table of Contents

  • Summary PDF

  • Preface

    All Prefatory Materials PDF

  • Chapter 1

    Introduction PDF

  • Chapter 2

    Innovative Mine Detection Systems PDF

  • Chapter 3

    Multisensor System to Improve Mine Detection Capability PDF

  • Supplemental

    Supplementary Material PDF

  • Appendix A

    Electromagnetic Induction (Paper I) PDF

    Yoga Das

  • Appendix B

    Electromatic Induction (Paper II) PDF

    Lloyd S. Riggs

  • Appendix C

    Infrared/Hyperspectral Methods (Paper I) PDF

    Brian Baertlein

  • Appendix D

    Infrared/Hyperspectral Methods (Paper II) PDF

    John G. Ackenhusen

  • Appendix E

    Ground-Penetrating Radar (Paper I) PDF

    Lawrence Carin

  • Appendix F

    Ground-Penetrating Radar (Paper II) PDF

    James Ralston, Anne Andrews, Frank Rotondo, and Michael Tuley

  • Appendix G

    Acoustic/Seismic Methods (Paper I) PDF

    James Sabatier

  • Appendix H

    Acoustic/Seismic Methods (Paper II) PDF

    Dimitri M. Donskoy

  • Appendix I

    Electrical Impedance Tomography PDF

    Philip Church

  • Appendix J

    Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Paper I) PDF

    Andrew D. Hibbs

  • Appendix K

    Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Paper II) PDF

    Allen N. Garroway

  • Appendix L

    X-Ray Backscatter (Paper I) PDF

    Lee Grodzins

  • Appendix M

    X-Ray Backscatter (Paper II) PDF

    Alan Jacobs and Edward Dugan

  • Appendix N

    Neutron Technologies (Paper I) PDF

    John E. McFee

  • Appendix O

    Neutron Technologies (Paper II) PDF

    David A. Sparrow

  • Appendix P

    Electrochemical Methods (Paper I) PDF

    Timothy M. Swager

  • Appendix Q

    Electrochemical Methods (Paper II) PDF

    Thomas F. Jenkins, Alan D. Hewitt, and Thomas A. Ranney

  • Appendix R

    Biological Systems (Paper I) PDF

    Robert S. Burlage

  • Appendix S

    Biological Systems (Paper II) PDF

    Jerry J. Bromenshenk, Colin B. Henderson, and Garon C. Smith

  • Appendix T

    Canine-Assisted Detection PDF

    Havard Bach and James Phelan

  • Appendix U

    Signal-Processing and Sensor Fusion Methods (Paper I) PDF

    Leslie Collins

  • Appendix V

    Signal-Processing and Sensor Fusion Methods (Paper II) PDF

    Paul Gader

  • Appendix W

    Contact Methods PDF

    Kevin Russell

The research described in this report was conducted by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.