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In 1992, the U.S. Departments of Defense and Education joined together to create a high school program aimed at encouraging at-risk youth to remain in school until graduation. The program is a marriage of the defense-sponsored Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC) program and a comprehensive high school reform initiative referred to as career academies. This report grew out of the sponsors’ interest in tracking the implementation of the program both as a means to improve it and to expand it to additional sites. The researchers found that: the JROTC career academies made fair progress toward implementation of the model; reforms in instructional practices developed more slowly than structural reforms; school leadership played a major role in successful implementation; lack of formal agreements between program sponsors and the school districts and between the districts and the schools hindered implementation from the outset; lack of expenditure guidelines hindered long-term program sustainment.

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's National Security Research Division.

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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