Costs and Benefits of Reserve Participation

New Evidence from the 1992 Reserve Components Survey

by Sheila Nataraj Kirby, David W. Grissmer, Stephanie Williamson, Scott Naftel


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Recent greater reliance on reserve forces has made it important to understand how reserve mobilizations affect the attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors of reservists, their families, and their civilian employers. The report examines these issues in two ways. First, it compares survey data collected from reservists in 1986 and 1992; second, it compares the responses from mobilized and nonmobilized reservists who were questioned in the 1992 survey. Understanding how mobilizations affect reservists is important for several reasons, especially because mobilizations might change reservists' attitudes about reserve service in significant ways, eventually affecting retention and recruiting in future years.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    A Profile of the Selected Reserve: Fy86 and Fy92

  • Chapter Three

    Costs and Benefits of Reserve Participation and Their Effect on Retention Decisions: 1986 and 1992

  • Chapter Four

    Differences in Spouse and Employer Attitudes and Satisfaction with Reserve Participation Between Mobilized and Nonmobilized Reservists

  • Chapter Five

    Obstacles Facing Uunits in Meeting Training Objectives: Perceptions of Reservists, 1986 and 1992

  • Chapter Six

    Ability of Units to Meet Training Objectives: Differences in Perceptions of Mobilized and Nonmobilized Reservists

  • Chapter Seven

    Potential Problems Facing Reservists in Future Reserve Mobilizations: Evidence from Ods/S

  • Chapter Eight


  • Appendix A

    1992 Survey of Reserve Personnel: Sample Design, Response Rates, Weights, Questionnaire, and Nonresponse

  • Appendix B

    Costs and Benefits of Reserve Participation by Paygrade

  • Appendix C

    Perceived Problems in Meeting Unit Training Objectives by Component: Rankings of Officer and Enlisted Personnel, 1992

  • Appendix D

    1992 Reserve Components Survey of Enlisted Personnel

  • Appendix E

    1992 Reserve Components Survey of Officers

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