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Military resource allocation choices are often contentious, especially when — as now — international events and domestic budgets require significant changes in the character and capabilities of U.S. military forces. With major changes occurring in systems, forces, and the way those forces are used, it is more important than ever that new concepts be evaluated against an integrated set of capability needs based on future missions and operational objectives. In this report, the authors present a tool to help decisionmakers, concept developers, and operators integrate objectives and capabilities, note deficiencies, and offer solutions or compromises. The tool the authors choose to accomplish these objectives is the nomograph. The set of nomographs presented integrates quantitative expressions of objectives, options, outcome measures, and costs. Each nomograph is developed for a specific mission and operational objective within a specific contemplated contingency. The authors caution that alternative objectives and force packages need to have their own nomographs created. All resulting nomographs should then be integrated with metrics not amenable to nomography representations, such as cost of the modernization packages, the number of U.S. casualties, and interoperability of modernized U.S. forces with allied forces.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1


  • Chapter 2

    Identifying Missions, Values of Outcomes, and Deficiencies in Military Capabilities

  • Chapter 3

    Developing New Concepts and Force Modernization Packages

  • Chapter 4

    Evaluating Force Modernization Packages Against Capability Needs

  • Chapter 5

    Deciding Where to Allocate Modernization Resources

  • Chapter 6

    Concluding Observations

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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