Improving the Army Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System (PPBES)

The Programming Phase

by Leslie Lewis, Roger Allen Brown, John Y. Schrader


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As part of a special assistance activity for the Director of the U.S. Army's Program Analysis and Evaluation Directorate (PA&E), the Arroyo Center participated in creating a new program development process and methodology. The principal objective in this work was to improve the Army's Program Objective Memorandum (POM) development process. The improvements were designed to (1) enhance the Army's ability to view the totality of its resources, (2) improve its resource decision process, and (3) justify those choices within the Army and to the external community, including the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Congress.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Background and Project Overview

  • Chapter Two

    The New Framework and Process

  • Chapter Three

    Implementation of the New Framework and Process

  • Chapter Four

    Lessons Learned and Next Steps

  • Appendix A

    Army Programming Pre-1995

  • Appendix B

    Strategy-To-Tasks Resource Management Framework

  • Appendix C

    Reporting Resource Allocations

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army and conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center.

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