Staffing Army ROTC at Colleges and Universities

Alternatives for Reducing the Use of Active-Duty Soldiers

by Charles A. Goldman, Bruce R. Orvis, Michael G. Mattock, Dorothy Smith


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The increased tempo and range of military operations coupled with reduced manned levels are exerting pressure on the Army to optimally use its active-duty soldiers. Consequently, the Army is seeking opportunities to fill positions now occupied by active-duty soldiers with other personnel. Specifically, Umbrella Issue 41 of the Army-wide Institutional/TDA Redesign Study called for the design and testing of staffing alternatives for the Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps (SROTC) program using a combination of Active Component, Reserve Component, or former military personnel. In support of this requirement the Arroyo Center was asked to develop staffing alternatives and design a test of their effectiveness. This report discusses alternatives to current SROTC battalion staffing in which many active-duty soldiers performing teaching or training functions would be replaced by reservists or by contracted civilians with former military service. Also, civilians would be contracted to help cover administrative and logistics functions now performed by active-duty soldiers. The authors recommend testing two alternative staffing plans, each over a period of two years. One plan focuses on former military personnel, the other on reservists.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Staffing Alternatives

  • Chapter Three

    Evaluating the Srotc Staffing Alternatives

  • Chapter Four


  • Appendix A

    Additional Details of the Test Plan

  • Appendix B

    Military Personnel Costs

  • Appendix C

    Geographic Availability Model

  • Appendix D

    Statistical Power Calculations

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