Sustainment of Army Forces in Operation Iraqi Freedom

Battlefield Logistics and Effects on Operations

by Eric Peltz, John Halliday, Marc Robbins, Kenneth J. Girardini


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The major combat operations of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) have been judged from virtually all quarters as a remarkable success, although accompanied by some perceptions that this success was achieved in the face of severe logistics problems. This monograph describes how Army forces were sustained during Operation Iraqi Freedom, examines how well this support performed, and discusses the effects on operations with an emphasis on the period from the start of ground combat to the fall of Baghdad. The findings should be of interest throughout the Army as well as the broader Department of Defense supply chain, deployment planning, and force development communities. The findings have implications for the design of the logistics system, logistics process improvement efforts, future force design and warfighting concepts, and the acquisition of end items such as vehicles as well as logistics enablers such as those that provide logistics situational awareness.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Setting the Stage

  • Chapter Two

    Fuel Sustainment

  • Chapter Three

    Dry Cargo Sustainment

  • Chapter Four

    The Pause in the Advance at An Najaf

  • Chapter Five

    Effects and Implications of Sustainment Performance During OIF

  • Appendix

    Truck Availability

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The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army and conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center.

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