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In the late 1990s, the Korea Ministry of Education and Human Resources, in response to concern over the relatively low standing of the nation’s universities and researchers, launched the Brain Korea 21 program BK21). BK21 seeks to make Korean research universities globally competitive and to produce more high-quality researchers in Korea. It provides fellowship funding to graduate students and professors in research groups at top Korean universities. Concentrating on the second phase of BK21, which will continue until 2012, the authors develop quantitative and qualitative models and methods to evaluate how well BK21 is fulfilling its goals, suggest a database of measures needed for that evaluation, and make suggestions for the future management of the program. The measurement methods proposed in this book can assess not only the progress of the BK21 program but also the health and development of the Korean university system as a whole. Korean university research could be stimulated further through a combination of competitive awards for project funding, portable fellowships for graduate students who would select their universities, and university access to capital for construction of first-rate research facilities.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Implications of Phase I Program Evaluations for Phase II

  • Chapter Three

    A Logic Model for Evaluating BK21

  • Chapter Four

    Quantitative Model to Assess BK21 Program Outcomes

  • Chapter Five

    Metrics and Measurement for Program Evaluation

  • Chapter Six

    Database Design to Support BK21 Program Evaluation and Measurement

  • Chapter Seven

    Future Development of BK21 and University Research in Korea

  • Chapter Eight


  • Appendix A

    Performance Evaluation Metrics Used in Previous Evaluations of Phase I

  • Appendix B

    Interview Guides for Representatives of Participants, Policymakers, and Users Related to the University Research and Education System

  • Appendix C

    Selection Criteria for Applied Science Research Groups: Phase II

  • Appendix D

    Table with Lagged Outcomes

  • Appendix E

    Research Data Series

  • Appendix F

    Education Data Series

  • Appendix G

    Industry Data Series

  • Appendix H

    General Data Series

The research described in this report was prepared for the Korea Research Foundation and was conducted by RAND Education, a unit of the RAND Corporation.

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