Vocational Education and the Work Establishment of Youth

Equity and Effectiveness Issues

by Sue E. Berryman

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Assesses the equity and work establishment effects of secondary vocational education for youth in general and selected subgroups. Four specific questions are addressed: (1) Considering their preplacement abilities and preferences, are students misassigned to the three high school curricula? Do the three curricula have different effects on students who start out with the same abilities and preferences? (2) Are high school resources organized in a way that encourages vocational students to stay in school and finish? (3) What work establishment payoffs should we expect from vocational education in light of employers' hiring practices and the realities of life on the job? (4) What work establishment benefits does vocational education offer to three youth subgroups who have particular labor market problems: high school dropouts (effects on high school completion); noncollege females (effects on occupational desegegration by sex); and noncollege blacks (employment effects)?

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