This Note, a companion to N-1579, is based on a trip to Pakistan in mid-1980 and reflects conversations by the author with numerous high-ranking Pakistani military officers and civil servants. Pakistan faces a severe threat on its eastern border as a result of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, both as a result of Soviet support for ethnic separatism and from conventional Soviet operations against Afghan guerrillas based in Pakistan. This comes at a time when Pakistan is falling far behind India in terms of military capability, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The American aid offer of March 1980 was deemed insufficient to begin to meet the spectrum of threats posed by the Soviets and their clients, while at the same time provoking Moscow and India. Nonetheless, the Pakistani military remains strongly pro-Western and would like to play a role in a larger American security arrangement for South Asia and the Persian Gulf.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.
This research in the public interest was supported by RAND, using discretionary funds made possible by the generosity of RAND's donors, the fees earned on client-funded research, and independent research and development (IR&D) funds provided by the Department of Defense.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.