The Compatibility of Child Care with Labor Force Participation and Nonmarket Activities

Preliminary Evidence from Malaysian Time Budget Data

by Julie DaVanzo, Donald L. P. Lee


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Preliminary analyses of Malaysian time budget data investigates influences on time allocation between market and nonmarket activities and among household members, with special attention to the compatibility of these activities with child care. Main findings: Agricultural and service activities are less compatible with child care than sales or production occupations (mostly weaving, dressmaking, food and beverage processing), but are more compatible than other market occupations. The greater the number of hours the wife works outside the home, the less she works in the home and the more help she receives from husband, children, and others. Husbands also help more in families that include infants. Child care is the activity that loses the most of the mother's attention when she increases the number of hours she works outside the home. Household size and age composition are the most important determinants of the number of hours the household spends in nonmarket production. (Presented at the conference "Women in Poverty: What Do We Know," sponsored by the International Center for Research on Women, April 1978.)

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