Job search, spatial separation of jobs and residences, and discrimination in suburban labor markets

by Kenneth Phillips, Samuel L. Myers

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Examines the job search behavior of a sample of low income central city residents from the Baltimore, Maryland SMSA. The specific model which is used in this study draws on work of Lippman and McCall and incorporates concepts of spatial separation of job and residence first addressed by Kain. The data on referral outcomes permitted the modeling of the probability that an individual would receive a job offer, given that he or she showed up for the interview. Explicit measures of distance to the interview and location of the interview permitted an analysis of deterrent effect of increasing distance on probability of engaging in search. Analysis revealed that probability of job search was highly dependent upon perceived probability of receiving a job offer. Only when the effect of probability of receiving an offer had been controlled did importance of distance as a deterrent to job search become apparent.

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