This paper examines the cost, schedule, and program management implications of multinational coproduction--international collaboration during weapon system production. It assesses the positive and negative aspects of multinational coproduction, spotlights differences in U.S. and European approaches to systems acquisition, and offers guidelines for ensuring the success of future collaborative efforts based on analysis of numerous U.S. and European national and multinational programs, including F-16 fighter aircraft coproduction. Although they are delicate and complex undertakings, properly structured coproduction programs can offer a spectrum of advantages to participating countries.
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