This paper reviews the emergence of six Marxist-Leninist regimes among Third World Nations: Afghanistan, Yemen, Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Nicaragua. It discusses aspects of their relationships with the Soviet Union, and analyzes the similarities of the six regimes in terms of four categories: internal structure, foreign policy, military policy, and internal opposition. Among his conclusions, the author finds that, on balance, the Soviet Union is clearly better off with its new clients than without them.
Fukuyama, Francis, The New Marxist-Leninist States in the Third World. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1984. https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P7020.html.
Fukuyama, Francis, The New Marxist-Leninist States in the Third World, RAND Corporation, P-7020, 1984. As of November 29, 2023: https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P7020.html