Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.5 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback48 pages $23.00 $18.40 20% Web Discount

This study examines whether reprocessing and plutonium recycle will make radioactive waste management more effective and economical. It compares the wastes generated in three alternative nuclear fuel cycles. The first cycle is low-enriched uranium in once-through mode (LEU-OT), which is the choice followed by the great majority of the civilian nuclear reactor operators in the world. The second cycle is mixed-oxide fuel in once-through mode (MOX-OT), which reprocessing-pursuing countries currently prefer. The third cycle is self-generating recycle (SGR) where plutonium is reprocessed and recycled repeatedly in the reactor throughout its operating life. Although current cost picture and the cost trends make SGR unlikely, it is included so that one can see its advantages and disadvantages for potential use in the future.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.