A Peace Plan for Syria IV

A Bottom-Up Approach, Linking Reconstruction Assistance to Local Government Formation

by James Dobbins, Philip Gordon, Jeffrey Martini

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This Perspective is the fourth in a series in which the authors argue for practical steps aimed at reaching a durable cessation of hostilities and separation of forces in Syria. As the international community continues to search for ways to resolve Syria's civil war, RAND researchers argue that an approach to reconstruction offered on a community-by-community basis could foster a bottom-up political process, help consolidate the peace, reduce the regime's reliance on Russia and Iran, and make the reemergence of a terrorist movement less likely. Such an approach offers a better prospect that at least some areas will see increased economic activity and political development, some refugees will return, and some progress can be made toward reform of the Syrian state.

This project is a RAND Venture. Funding for this venture was provided by philanthropic contributions from RAND supporters and income from operations. The research was conducted by the RAND National Security Research Division.

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