Examines the impact of training programs and other factors on the earnings and employment of low-income residents of Chicago. Using regression models and data drawn from the 1969 Urban Employment Survey, the following major conclusions are reached: (1) Participation in training or vocational programs has not raised the trainees' incomes above those of the nonparticipants, nor has such participation had a significant effect upon duration of employment. However, the programs did appear to facilitate entry into the labor force. (2) Income and employment are highly correlated with the level of education. (3) The earnings of blacks and women are substantially lower than those of white males after controlling for level of educational attainment, occupation, and industry of employment. Recommendations are: The structure and success over time of different training programs must be studied further; the retentive powers of various school programs need to be examined; and all methods of eliminating racial discrimination have to be explored. 48 pp. Ref.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.