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This report focuses on the role of educational expectations in the enlistment decisions of young men who are high school seniors or non-student, high school graduates. It examines the differences in enlistment behavior between individuals who expect more education after high school graduation and those who do not, and considers the implications of those findings for recruiting policy. Among the study's findings are the following: (1) the enlistment behavior of young men differs substantially between the senior and graduate market segments, and within these segments by educational expectations; (2) as an individual's civilian wage rate rises, he becomes less likely to enlist, particularly if no further education is expected; and (3) enlistment is negatively related to family income only for seniors expecting more education, while enlistment for the other groups is unrelated to income. This study extends work presented in R-3238-MIL, Enlistment Decisions of Young Men.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.