Cover: Case Studies in Educational Performance Contracting

Case Studies in Educational Performance Contracting

Norfolk, Virginia

Published 1971

by Michael Carpenter

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback211 pages $15.00

Describes Learning Research Associates' (LRA) contract instruction in reading, using regular reading teachers, in two poor, predominantly black Norfolk schools where students unable to read are common in higher elementary grades. LRA used a diagnostic/prescriptive approach with programmed materials. LRA pupils seemed happier, worked harder, and behaved more responsibly than students in regular classes in Norfolk. Test results were disappointing, partly because of a mismatch between test and program content; teachers emphasized vocabulary and word recognition, while the tests emphasized comprehension. However, the LRA approach costs about 25 percent less than other Title I reading programs in Norfolk, and Norfolk plans to adopt it for all remedial reading classes. The 1970-1971 deficiencies may be corrected by more emphasis on comprehension and by interactive evaluation contributing directly to program development. Pertinent documents compose the bulk of this report.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.