Cover: Trends in Socioeconomic Inequalities in Mortality in Developing Countries

Trends in Socioeconomic Inequalities in Mortality in Developing Countries

The Case of Child Survival in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Published 2004

by Narayan Sastry

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I examined trends in socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality for the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, over a 21-year period from 1970 to 1991, during which much of the mortality transition unfolded. During this time, there was a decline in inequality in under-five mortality by household wealth but a substantial increase by mother's education. Improvements in infrastructure and economic development were associated with lower levels of socioeconomic inequality in under-five mortality. Mother's education emerged as the key factor underlying socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality even as levels of education for women increased and inequality in schooling fell.

Originally published in: Demography, v. 41, no. 3, August 2004, pp. 443-464.

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