The authors analyzed switches between prepaid and fee-for-service health care plans among depressed outpatients in the longitudinal part of the Medical Outcomes Study. Patients of mental health specialists in fee-for-service plans had the lowest adjusted rate of plan switching (8.1%), compared to fee-for-service general medical patients (13.5%) and prepaid patients of both types of providers (10.1% to 11.7%). Although there were no substantial differences in initial sickness by payment system among enrolled patients, differing switching rates by provider specialty and payment system indicated biased selection over time. In addition, the authors found that married, nonwhite, and wealthier individuals were significantly more likely to leave fee-for-service than prepaid care plans. The authors analyzed whether system switching had an effect on patient satisfaction and outcomes. None of the results were highly significant, but the power of the data to analyze this issue was limited. Nevertheless, it appears that patients switching from prepaid to fee-for-service may be at risk for poorer functioning outcomes, although there was no similar effect on mental health status.
Originally published in: Medical Care, v. 32, no. 9, pp. 917-929.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Reprint series. The Reprint was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1992 to 2011 that represented previously published journal articles, book chapters, and reports with the permission of the publisher. RAND reprints were formally reviewed in accordance with the publisher's editorial policy and compliant with RAND's rigorous quality assurance standards for quality and objectivity. For select current RAND journal articles, see External Publications.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.