Description and analysis of the costs, benefits, and operational consequences of alternative enlarged air transportation systems for the New York region, including (1) expanding present capacity of the major airports, (2) expanding short-haul service using V/STOL aircraft, and (3) building a fourth major airport. Analysis shows the V/STOL system to be superior, providing greatest passenger trip-time benefits at the lowest cost, with an estimated $25-million-per-year advantage over the other two systems. V/STOL could also be effective in the interim required for implementation of the other plans, since both require lead times of several years. Additional problems associated with the other systems are (1) increasing present capacity would lead to severe ground access problems at Kennedy, and (2) the distance of the fourth airport from Manhattan would require high-speed rail connections and air shuttle service.

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